There is a wide variety of animal diversity to be found in the wilderness areas of Bangladesh, so nature lovers can really take their time to enjoy this side of the country. Even though Bangladesh is one of the most highly populated countries in the world, the majority of the population lives in or around large cities and this has helped to limit deforestation to some extent.
However, the growth rate continues to increase at an alarming rate and this has placed large demands on the environment and lead to subsequent clearing of numerous natural habitats. Though several areas are protected under law, a large portion of Bangladeshi Wildlife is threatened by this growth.
Bangladesh is home to roughly 22 species of amphibian, 17 species of marine reptiles, 109 species of reptile, 388 species of birds, 110 species of mammals and 3 species of marine mammals. In addition to the large bird count, a further 240 species of migratory birds swell bird numbers each year. The vast majority of these creatures currently dwell in an area of land that is some 150 000 sq kilometers in size! This is a remarkable achievement to say the least. However this does not mean all is well with the country’s natural heritage. So far a number of creatures have disappeared completely from the country and a further 201 species are threatened. Notable species that have disappeared from Bangladesh are the one-horned Rhinoceros, the two-horned Rhinoceros, the Gaur, the Ganteng, Hog deer and Swamp deer, wolf, Marsh crocodile and wild buffalo. Generally speaking, such a large loss will usually effect the environment to a greater or lesser degree and result in environmental imbalances.
Most visitors to Bangladesh will take efforts to spend time in the country’s national parks, spotting as many creatures as they can. Bangladesh is a bird-watchers paradise as it is home to so many different bird species. Tourists will usually see a variety of gazelle and a number of other small mammals. They will seldom see what they have come for – the renowned Royal Bengal Tiger – since it is not in this creature’s nature to lay around in full view. If you are visiting this beautiful country soon, make sure that you enjoy as much Bangladeshi wildlife as you can. Your support can go a long way to aiding conservation efforts and ensuring the continued survival of a number of species.